On Wednesday, at the CPC in Conversation with World Political Parties High-Level Conference, Xi Jinping, general secretary of the Communist Party of China Central Committee, launched the Global Civilisation Initiative. "Road Towards Modernization: the Responsibilities of Political Parties" was the topic of discussion at the conference.
The program encourages robust international people-to-people exchanges and cooperation, as well as the safeguarding of universal ideals such as peace, development, equity, justice, democracy, and freedom.
Political leaders who participated in the virtual meeting praised Xi's initiative and expressed their willingness to work with the CPC to play a guiding role in fostering cultural exchanges and mutual understanding, as well as charting a course toward modernization that is tailored to each country's unique circumstances.
Cyril Ramaphosa, president of the African National Party and South Africa's current head of state, has expressed his support for Xi's idea.
He noted that because of South Africa's history of fighting for national independence, its people understand the significance of cooperation, tolerance, and mutual regard.
Considering the devastating threats the globe faces, including as climate change, the COVID-19 pandemic, terrorism, and geopolitical tension, Ramaphosa emphasized the significance of the project.
He also noted that South Africa values China's noninterference in internal matters and mutually beneficial cooperation, both of which are reflected in China's global initiatives and are essential to advancing the collective progress of developing nations.
According to Serbian President and Serbian Progressive Party head Aleksandar Vucic, China is being looked to for creative responses to the problems posed by the shifting international landscape. Vucic argued that all people should join forces to promote tolerance for different ways of life.
In an address on Thursday, Serbia's president echoed Xi's call for nations to "let cultural exchanges transcend estrangement, mutual learning transcend disputes, and inclusion transcend any sense of superiority," among other ideas. Xi, who is also the president of China and the head of the country's military, made it clear in his speech that no nation should try to impose its ideals or model on another or stir up ideological conflict.
Prime Minister Luvsannamsrain Oyun-Erdene, who is also chairman of the Mongolian People's Party, has said that Xi's initiatives on development, security, and civilization are very significant to international and regional peace and cooperation at a time when geopolitical competition has brought about crises and challenges.
He went on to say that Mongolia is totally behind the programs, adding that things like trust, conversation, and cooperation are universal goals that everyone should strive towards.
President Salva Kiir of South Sudan, who is also the chairman of the Sudan People's Liberation Movement, has questioned the unwillingness of some nations to create a more fair and balanced international order. These states actively want to spark geopolitical rivalries, which he claims poses serious risks to international stability. Kiir argued that, in light of the current global situation, political party leaders have a responsibility to advance universal ideals, promote tolerance for different methods of development and cultural diversity, and speak out against ideological conflicts of all stripes.
Xi also used his speech to expand on China's ongoing development. "We must defend the idea of independence and pursue varied paths toward modernization," he said. Xi added that the people of a country know best what form of modernisation will work for them, and that developing nations have the freedom and capacity to find their own unique road to modernization that takes into account their own unique national realities.
Nicolas Maduro, president of Venezuela and leader of the country's socialist party, the United Socialist Party, has argued that countries can't follow a single blueprint for progress. Maduro claimed that certain countries want to impose their models on others without taking into account the different political, cultural, and historical circumstances of the target countries.